Anuradhapura est une ville du district d'Anuradhapura, dans la province du Centre-Nord du Sri Lanka. Cette ville sacrée a été créée autour d'une découpe de « l'arbre des Lumières », le figuier du Bouddha, apportée au IIIe siècle avant notre ère par Sanghamitta, fondateur d'un ordre de religieuses bouddhistes. Anuradhapura, capitale politique et religieuse de Ceylan qui a prospéré pendant 1 300 ans, a été abandonnée après une invasion en 993. Caché dans une jungle dense pendant de nombreuses années, le site splendide, avec ses palais, ses monastères et ses monuments, est à nouveau accessible.

À propos du district d'Anuradhapura

Anuradhapura appartient à la province du Centre-Nord au Sri Lanka. Anuradhapura est l'une des anciennes capitales du Sri Lanka, célèbre pour ses ruines bien préservées de l'ancienne civilisation lankaise. La ville, aujourd'hui classée au patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO, se trouve à 205 km au nord de l'actuelle capitale Colombo, au Sri Lanka.

Dans la ville sacrée d'Anuradhapura et dans les environs se trouvent un grand nombre de ruines. Les ruines se composent de trois catégories de bâtiments : les dagobas, les bâtiments monastiques et les pokuna (étangs). La ville possédait certains des systèmes d'irrigation les plus complexes du monde antique. Située dans la zone sèche du pays, l'administration a construit de nombreux réservoirs pour irriguer les terres. La plupart des civils sont cinghalais, tandis que les Tamouls et les Maures sri-lankais vivent dans le district.

Lieux spéciaux à Anuradhapura :

  • Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi is a sacred bo tree in the Mahamewna Gardens, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is the southern branch from the historical Sri Maha Bodhi at Buddha Gaya in India under which Buddha attained Enlightenment. It was planted in 288 BC, and is the oldest living human-planted tree in the world with a known planting date.

    Sri Maha Bodhiya 
  • The Ruwanweli Maha Seya, also known as the Mahathupa (the Great Thupa) is a stupa (a hemispherical structure containing relics) in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Two quarts or one Dona of the Buddha's relics are enshrined in the stupa, making it the largest collection of his relics anywhere. It was built by Sinhalese King Dutugemunu in c. 140 B.C., who became king of Sri Lanka after a war in which the Chola King Elāra (Ellalan) was defeated.

  • Thuparamaya is the first Buddhist temple that was constructed, after the arrival of mahinda thero(mahindagamanaya) in Sri Lanka. Located in the sacred area of Mahamewna park, the Thuparamaya Stupa is the earliest Dagoba to be constructed in the island, dating back to the reign of King Devanampiya Tissa (247-207 BC). The temple has been formally recognised by the Government as an archaeological site in Sri Lanka.

  • Lovamahapaya is a building situated between Ruwanweliseya and Sri Mahabodiya in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is also known as the Brazen Palace or Lohaprasadaya because the roof was covered with bronze tiles. In ancient times, the building included the refectory and the uposathagara (Uposatha house).

  • Abhayagiri Vihāra was a major monastery site of Mahayana, Theravada and Vajrayana Buddhism that was situated in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is one of the most extensive ruins in the world and one of the most sacred Buddhist pilgrimage cities in the nation.

    Abhayagiri Dagoba 
  • The Jetavanarama stupa or Jetavanaramaya is a stupa, or Buddhist reliquary monument, located in the ruins of Jetavana monastery in the UNESCO world heritage city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. At 122 metres (400 ft), it was the world's tallest stupa, and the third tallest structure in the world when it was built by King Mahasena of Anuradhapura (273–301).

  • The Mirisaweti Stupa is a memorial building, a stupa, situated in the ancient city of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. King Dutugamunu (161 BC to 137 BC) built the Mirisaveti Stupa after defeating King Elara. After placing the Buddha relics in the sceptre, he had gone to Tissa Wewa for a bath leaving the sceptre.

    Mirisaveti Stupa 
  • Lankarama is a stupa built by King Valagamba, in an ancient place at Galhebakada in the ancient kingdom of Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. Nothing is known about the ancient form of the stupa, and later this was renovated. The ruins show that there are rows of stone pillars and it is no doubt that there has been a house built encircling the stupa (vatadage) to cover it.

  • Isurumuniya is a Buddhist temple situated near to the Tissa Wewa (Tisa tank) in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. There are four carvings of special interest in this Vihara. They are the Isurumuniya Lovers, Elephant Pond and The Royal Family. The ancient Meghagiri Vihara or Meygiri Vihara is presently identified as the Isurumuni Vihara.